North Atlantic Treaty Organization

(NATO)
   NATO was created in April 1949 as an alliance of 12 states (the United States and Canada, along with several states of Western Europe). It was established as a defensive alliance against the communist bloc, as a result of the growing threat from the Soviet Union in the postwar years. Member countries agreed to treat an attack on any one of them as an attack against them all, each nation being obliged to assist those attacked by taking ‘such action as it deems necessary including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area’.
   Once the Cold War ended, NATO’s traditional role disappeared. However, members recognise the desirability of retaining the tradition of cooperation they have developed and – at the European end – are keen to ensure that the US retains its commitment to European defence. Now enlarged to 26, it serves as a forum in which member states can consult on issues of common concern and agree on action to advance their interests. It sees its primary purpose as to ‘safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means’. Its main work is in the areas of crisis management and peacekeeping.

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — ➡ NATO. * * * Introduction   military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) armies stationed… …   Universalium

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Established on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a collective security arrangement backed by the United States and its allies. Its principal function is to provide mutual defense if any member state is attacked by… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — Flagge der NATO Generalsekretär …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Brussels serves as the seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the defense organization formed by North Atlantic nations in 1949. The headquarters were located in London from 1949 to 1952 and then moved to Paris. Following the… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Portugal joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, as a founding member. Besides complementing the Atlantic orientation of Portugal s foreign and defense policies, this membership also supported the country s close… …   Historical dictionary of Portugal

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — NATO * * * North Atlantic Treaty Organization   [nɔːθ ət læntɪk triːtɪ ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn, englisch], die NATO …   Universal-Lexikon

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Italy signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The decision to enter the Western alliance was a hugely controversial one in an ideologically divided nation. In a parliamentary debate shortly before the signature of the pact,… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Established in January 1950 to implement the provisions of the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO established a center in Brussels, Belgium, and in 1951 the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) was created in France with General… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — North At|lan|tic Treat|y Or|ga|ni|za|tion, the the full name of ↑NATO …   Dictionary of contemporary English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.